From 1960 to 1986, 397 cases of non-metastatic male breast cancer (MBC) treated in 14 French regional cancer centres were reviewed. The median age was 64 years (range 25-93). TNM classification (UICC, 1978) showed seven TO, 79 T1, 162 T2, 31 T3, 74 T4 and 44 unclassified tumours (Tx). Clinical positive lymph nodes were found in 31% of the patients. 24 patients received radiotherapy only, and 373 underwent surgery, 247 of these with postoperative irradiation. Adjuvant chemotherapy and hormonal therapy were used in 71 and 68 patients, respectively. There were 382 infiltrating carcinomas and 15 pure ductal carcinoma in situ. Lymph node involvement was found in 56% of infiltrating carcinoma. The oestregen (ER) and progesterone (PgR) receptors were positive in 79% and 77%, respectively, of examined cases. Isolated local and regional recurrence were observed in 8.8% and 4.5% of cases, respectively and 40% of patients developed metastases. The crude survival rates by Kaplan-Meier method were 65% and 38% at 5 and 10 years, respectively, and the disease-specific survival rates (without death due to intercurrent disease or second cancer) was 74% at 5 years and 51% at 10 years. The disease-specific survival rate for pN- and pN+ groups were 77% and 39% at 10 years. The prognostic factors were clinical size (T) and histological axillary status (pN-/pN+). The relative risk of death for pN- was 1.0, 2.0 and 3.2 in the T0-T1, T2 and T3-T4 groups, respectively. For pN+, these relative risks increased 1.9, 3.9 and 6.0 in the same groups. The optimal treatment include modified radical mastectomy and irradiation for cases with risk factors of local relapse (nodal invasion, large tumour with cutaneous or muscular involvement). Locoregional failure had unfavourable prognosis. First-line adjuvant treatment seems to be tamoxifen, due to the very high rate of positive hormonal receptors and the old age of the patients, which contraindicate chemotherapy in many cases. The prognosis of patients with breast cancer is the same in male and female patients when disease-specific survival rate, tumour size and axillary involvement are compared. © 1995.
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