Markets against politics: Migration, EU enlargement and the idea of Europe

  • Favell A
  • Hansen R
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This article examines new migration to Europe in the context of EU enlargement and debates about fortress Europe, framing the general agenda for the papers that follow in this special issue. We argue that the (normatively informed) image of fortress Europe is an inadequate account of migration and migration policy in Europe in three respects: the movement of family members, asylum-seekers and labour migrants has been substantially positive; enlargement itself generates dynamics of inclusion as much as exclusion; and there exists a signi® cant component of intra-European circula- tory migration. Against the fortress account, the article offers a market-driven analysis of new migration to Europe. In developing this account, we stress how existing theoretical accounts of immigration policy ± dominated by a state-centred institutionalist and political focus ± offer at best only partial explanations of the new European migration scenario. Both neo-liberal and older Marxian theories of the international immigration labour market need to be re-introduced to explain the selective, expansive and recon® guring effect of market forces on European immigration policies. Our aim is to underline how new tendencies in East± West migration in Europe challenge and transform the traditional migrant trajectory from migrant to citizen that lies at the heart of state-centred accounts. KEYWORDS:

Author-supplied keywords

  • Asylum
  • Citizenship
  • Enlargement
  • Fortress Europe
  • Immigration
  • Integration
  • Labour migration
  • Schengen

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  • Adrian Favell

  • Randall Hansen

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