MASCAL: RFID Tracking of Patients, Staff and Equipment to Enhance Hospital Response to Mass Casualty Events

  • Fry E
  • Lenert L
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Abstract

Most medical facilities practice managing the large numbers of seriously
injured patients expected during catastrophic events. As the demands
on the healthcare team increase, however, the challenges faced by managers
escalate, workflow bottlenecks develop and system capacity decreases. This
paper describes MASCAL, an integrated software–hardware
system designed to enhance management of resources at a hospital
during a mass casualty situation. MASCAL uses active 802.11b asset tags
to track patients, equipment and staff during the response to a disaster. The
system integrates tag position information with data from personnel
databases, medical information systems, registration applications
and the US Navy’s TACMEDCS triage application in a custom
visual disaster management environment. MASCAL includes interfaces for
a hospital command center, local area managers (emergency room, operating
suites, radiology, etc.) and registration personnel. MASCAL is an
operational system undergoing functional evaluation at the Naval Medical
Center, San Diego, CA.

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Authors

  • Emory A. Fry

  • Leslie A. Lenert

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