Skip to content
Journal article

Measuring perceived social presence in distributed learning groups

Kreijns K, Kirschner P, Jochems W, van Buuren H ...see all

Education and Information Technologies, vol. 16, issue 4 (2011)

  • 1


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A


    Citations of this article.
  • N/A


    ScienceDirect users who have downloaded this article.
Sign in to save reference


Social presence-the degree to which 'the other' in a communication appears to be a 'real' person-has captured the attention of those dealing with learning in groups through computer-supported collaborative learning environments. The concept is important because it affects participation and social interaction, both necessary for effective collaboration and knowledge construction. This article reports on the construction and validation of a self-reporting (Dutch-language) Social Presence Scale to determine perceived social presence in distributed learning groups using computer-supported collaborative learning environments. The result is a one-dimensional scale consisting of five items with an internal consistency of .81. We used a nomological network of similar constructs for further validation. The findings suggest that the Social Presence Scale has potential to be useful as a measure for social presence. ? 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Author-supplied keywords

  • [Sociability, Social affordances, Social presence,

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in


  • K. Kreijns

  • P.A. Kirschner

  • W. Jochems

  • H. van Buuren

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below