Mercury in San Francisco Bay forage fish.

  • Greenfield B
  • Jahn A
  • 7

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Abstract

In the San Francisco Estuary, management actions including tidal marsh restoration could change fish mercury (Hg) concentrations. From 2005 to 2007, small forage fish were collected and analyzed to identify spatial and interannual variation in biotic methylmercury (MeHg) exposure. The average whole body total Hg concentration was 0.052 microg g(-1) (wet-weight) for 457 composite samples representing 13 fish species. MeHg constituted 94% of total Hg. At a given length, Hg concentrations were higher in nearshore mudflat and wetland species (Clevelandia ios, Menidia audens, and Ilypnus gilberti), compared to species that move offshore (e.g., Atherinops affinis and Lepidogobius lepidus). Gut content analysis indicated similar diets between Atherinops affinis and Menidia audens, when sampled at the same locations. Hg concentrations were higher in sites closest to the Guadalupe River, which drains a watershed impacted by historic Hg mining. Results demonstrate that despite differences among years and fish species, nearshore forage fish exhibit consistent Hg spatial gradients.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Animals
  • Chemical
  • Chemical: metabolism
  • Diet
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Fishes
  • Fishes: metabolism
  • Gastrointestinal Contents
  • Mercury
  • Mercury: metabolism
  • Methylmercury Compounds
  • Methylmercury Compounds: metabolism
  • Pacific Ocean
  • Perciformes
  • Perciformes: metabolism
  • San Francisco
  • Water Pollutants
  • Wetlands

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Authors

  • Ben K. Greenfield

  • Andrew Jahn

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