Metallization of magnesium polyhydrides under pressure

  • Lonie D
  • Hooper J
  • Altintas B
 et al. 
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Abstract

Evolutionary structure searches are used to predict stable phases with unique stoichiometries in the hydrogen-rich region of the magnesium/hydrogen phase diagram under pressure. MgH$_4$, MgH$_{12}$ and MgH$_{16}$ are found to be thermodynamically stable with respect to decomposition into MgH$_2$ and H$_2$ near 100 GPa, and all lie on the convex hull by 200 GPa. MgH$_4$ contains two H$^-$ anions and one H$_2$ molecule per Mg$^{2+}$ cation, whereas the hydrogenic sublattices of MgH$_{12}$ and MgH$_{16}$ are composed solely of H$_2^{\delta -}$ molecules. The high-hydrogen content stoichiometries have a large density of states at the Fermi level, and the $T_c$ of MgH$_{12}$ at 140 GPa is calculated to be nearly three times greater than that of the classic hydride, MgH$_2$, at 180 GPa.

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Authors

  • David C. Lonie

  • James Hooper

  • Bahadir Altintas

  • Eva Zurek

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