Mouse cells contain two distinct ras gene mRNA species that can be translated into a p21 onc protein.

  • Ellis R
  • DeFeo D
  • Furth M
 et al. 
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The Kirsten (Ki) and Harvey (Ha) strains of murine sarcoma virus encode a 21,000-dalton protein (p21 ras) which is the product of the transforming gene of these viruses. Normal cells express low levels of p21 ras encoded by cellular genes (Ki-ras and Ha-ras) homologous to the Ki and Ha murine sarcoma virus transformation genes. A bone marrow-derived mouse cell line, 416B, has been shown to express unusually high levels of p21 ras. In this manuscript, we investigated the molecular biology of p21 ras gene expression in 416B and other normal mouse cells. We identified four distinct polyadenylated and polysome-associated RNAs, two related to Ki-ras and two to Ha-ras. The levels in 416B cells of the two Ki-ras RNAs, sized 5.2 and 2.0 kilobases, were both elevated approximately 25-fold over levels found in normal mouse cells; there was no corresponding change in 416B cells in the levels of the two Ha-ras RNAs. We partially purified the two Ki-ras mRNAs and separated them by velocity sedimentation in sucrose density gradients. Both the 5.2- and 2.0-kilobase mRNAs could be translated in vitro into p21 ras. These results show that a cellular onc protein can be translated from two distinct cellular mRNA species.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Animals
  • Bone Marrow
  • Cell Line
  • Friend murine leukemia virus
  • Friend murine leukemia virus: physiology
  • Kirsten murine sarcoma virus
  • Kirsten murine sarcoma virus: genetics
  • Mice
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Neoplasm Proteins: genetics
  • Oncogene Protein p21(ras)
  • Oncogenes
  • Poly A
  • Poly A: analysis
  • Polyribosomes
  • Polyribosomes: analysis
  • Protein Biosynthesis
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA, Messenger: analysis
  • RNA, Messenger: genetics
  • Sarcoma Viruses, Murine
  • Sarcoma Viruses, Murine: genetics
  • Viral Proteins
  • Viral Proteins: genetics

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  • R W Ellis

  • D DeFeo

  • M E Furth

  • E M Scolnick

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