Neuroendocrinologic considerations in parkinson disease and other movement disorders

  • Malaty I
  • Lansang M
  • Okun M
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Abstract

Multiple movement disorders have endocrinologic underpinnings, either as secondary consequences of a common underlying pathology or as a result of a true causative role. This chapter reviews the current knowledge about endocrinologic influences on movement disorders, including Parkinson disease, Huntington disease, Tourette syndrome, dystonia, restless legs syndrome, and a variety of other disorders. We will additionally discuss directions for future research. © 2009, American Academy of Neurology.

Author-supplied keywords

  • 1,2,3,6 tetrahydro 1 methyl 4 phenylpyridine
  • 25 hydroxyvitamin D
  • Gilles de la Tourette syndrome
  • Hashimoto disease
  • Huntington chorea
  • Parkinson disease
  • androgen deficiency
  • androgen therapy
  • androstanolone
  • anticonvulsive agent
  • anxiety
  • article
  • ascorbic acid
  • astrocyte
  • benzodiazepine
  • body weight
  • bone density
  • bradykinesia
  • calcitriol
  • caloric intake
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  • cognitive defect
  • depression
  • diabetes mellitus
  • disease association
  • dopamine
  • dopamine 1 receptor
  • dopamine 2 receptor
  • dopamine receptor stimulating agent
  • dopaminergic nerve cell
  • dyskinesia
  • dysphagia
  • dystonia
  • estrogen
  • ferritin
  • ferritin blood level
  • ferrous sulfate
  • fragile X syndrome
  • growth hormone
  • hemiballism
  • human
  • hyperglycemia
  • hypoglycemia
  • hyposmia
  • leptin
  • levodopa
  • liothyronine
  • macroglia
  • motor dysfunction
  • neuroendocrinology
  • neuroprotection
  • nonhuman
  • opiate
  • oral contraceptive agent
  • orexin
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  • oxidopamine
  • pallidotomy
  • parathyroid disease
  • parkinsonism
  • phospholipid antibody
  • pregnancy
  • restless legs syndrome
  • rigidity
  • sex hormone
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  • substantia nigra
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  • thyroid disease
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  • vitamin D
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Authors

  • I A Malaty

  • M C Lansang

  • M S Okun

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