Newer experience with CPAP

  • Polin R
  • Sahni R
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Abstract

Progress in neonatal intensive care is closely linked to improvements in the management of respiratory failure in small infants. Current modalities of ventilatory assistance range from more benign continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to various modes of mechanical ventilation (including high frequency ventilation). The advent of less invasive methods of delivering CPAP has permitted earlier treatment of infants with respiratory distress syndrome and avoided the need for mechanical ventilation. Children's Hospital of New York (Columbia University) places all spontaneously breathing infants on nasal prong CPAP as the first mode of respiratory support. The early initiation of nasal prong CPAP in combination with a tolerance to elevated PCO2levels has reduced the incidence of chronic lung disease to

Author-supplied keywords

  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
  • CPAP
  • Continuous positive airway pressure
  • Respiratory distress syndrome

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