Cerataphis brasiliensis (Hempel) is established as a valid species. This spe- cific name predates Cerataphis palmae (Ghesquiere), Cerataphis variabilis Hille Ris Lam- bers and Cerataphis fransseni (Hille Ris Lambers) which are considered synonyms of C. brasiliensis, The availability of topotypes of C. brasiliensis and syntypes of C. palmae is disclosed, lectotypes and paralectotypes of C. palmae and C. variabilis are designated, and the life cycle of C. fransseni is noted. A key is provided for the identification of species of Cerataphis living on palms and orchids.
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