Nucleophilic reactivities of tertiary alkylamines

  • Ammer J
  • Baidya M
  • Kobayashi S
 et al. 
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Abstract

The kinetics of the reactions of tertiary amines, triethylamine (1a), N-methylpyrrolidine (1b), N-methylpiperidine (1c), and N-methylmorpholine (1d) with benzhydrylium ions (Ar2CH+) have been studied in acetonitrile and dichloromethane. The benzhydryl cations were generated by laser flash photolysis of quaternary phosphonium and ammonium tetrafluoroborates. For most reactions, exponential decays of the absorbances of the benzhydryl cations were observed because the carbocations were generated in the presence of a high excess of the amines (pseudo-first- order conditions). From the linear plots of k(obs) versus the amine concentrations, the second-order rate constants k were obtained, which allowed us to calculate N and s for these amines in CH3CN and CH2Cl2. The linear free energy relationship log k s(N + E) was thus used to integrate 1a-d into our comprehensive nucleophilicity scales. Copyright (C) 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Author-supplied keywords

  • amines
  • carbocations
  • kinetics
  • linear free energy relationships
  • organocatalysis

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Authors

  • Johannes Ammer

  • Mahiuddin Baidya

  • Shinjiro Kobayashi

  • Herbert Mayr

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