The simultaneous planning of the production and the maintenance in a flexible manufacturing system is considered in this paper. The manufacturing system is composed of one machine that produces a single product. There is a preventive maintenance plan to reduce the failure rate of the machine. This paper is different from the previous researches in this area in two separate ways. First, the failure rate of the machine is supposed to be a function of its age. Second, we assume that the demand of the manufacturing product is time dependent and its rate depends on the level of advertisement on that product. The objective is to maximize the expected discounted total profit of the firm over an infinite time horizon. In the process of finding a solution to the problem, we first characterize an optimal control by introducing a set of Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman partial differential equations. Then we realize that under practical assumptions, this set of equations can not be solved analytically. Thus to find a suboptimal control, we approximate the original stochastic optimal control model by a discrete-time deterministic optimal control problem. Then proposing a numerical method to solve the steady state Riccati equation, we approximate a suboptimal solution to the problem. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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