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Journal article

Periodontal diseases in the child and adolescent.

Oh T, Eber R, Wang H, T.J. O, R. E, H.L. W ...see all

Journal of clinical periodontology, vol. 29, issue 5 (2002) pp. 400-410 Published by Department of Periodontics/Prevention/Geriatrics, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1078, USA.

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BACKGROUND: Periodontal diseases are among the most frequent diseases affecting children and adolescents. These include gingivitis, localized or generalized aggressive periodontitis (a.k.a., early onset periodontitis which includes generalized or localized prepubertal periodontitis and juvenile periodontitis) and periodontal diseases associated with systemic disorders. The best approach to managing periodontal diseases is prevention, followed by early detection and treatment. METHODS: This paper reviews the current literature concerning the most common periodontal diseases affecting children: chronic gingivitis (or dental plaque-induced gingival diseases) and early onset periodontitis (or aggressive periodontitis), including prepubertal and juvenile periodontitis. In addition, systemic diseases that affect the periodontium and oral lesions commonly found in young children are addressed. The prevalence, diagnostic characteristics, microbiology, host-related factors, and therapeutic management of each of these disease entities are thoroughly discussed.

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Periodontal Diseases/et [Etiology]
  • *periodontal disease/di [Diagnosis]
  • *periodontal disease/et [Etiology]
  • *periodontal disease/pc [Prevention]
  • *periodontal disease/th [Therapy]
  • Age Factors
  • Aggressive Periodontitis
  • Aggressive Periodontitis/et [Etiology]
  • Aggressive Periodontitis/mi [Microbiology]
  • Aggressive Periodontitis: etiology
  • Aggressive Periodontitis: microbiology
  • Aphthous
  • Aphthous/di [Diagnosis]
  • Aphthous: diagnosis
  • Benign Migratory
  • Benign Migratory/di [Diagnosis]
  • Benign Migratory: diagnosis
  • Candidiasis
  • Cheilitis
  • Cheilitis: diagnosis
  • Dental Plaque
  • Dental Plaque/co [Complications]
  • Dental Plaque: complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Disease
  • Gingival Overgrowth
  • Gingival Overgrowth/ci [Chemically Induced]
  • Gingival Overgrowth: chemically induced
  • Gingivitis
  • Gingivitis: etiology
  • Glossitis
  • HIV Infections
  • HIV Infections/co [Complications]
  • HIV Infections: complications
  • Herpetic
  • Herpetic/di [Diagnosis]
  • Herpetic: diagnosis
  • Human immunodeficiency virus infection/co [Complic
  • Humans
  • Hypophosphatasia
  • Hypophosphatasia/co [Complications]
  • Hypophosphatasia: complications
  • Oral
  • Oral/di [Diagnosis]
  • Oral: diagnosis
  • Periodontal Diseases
  • Periodontal Diseases/di [Diagnosis]
  • Periodontal Diseases/pc [Prevention & Control]
  • Periodontal Diseases/th [Therapy]
  • Periodontal Diseases: diagnosis
  • Periodontal Diseases: etiology
  • Periodontal Diseases: prevention & control
  • Periodontal Diseases: therapy
  • Preschool
  • Stomatitis
  • Type 1
  • Type 1/co [Complications]
  • Type 1: complications
  • adolescent
  • age
  • aphthous stomatitis/di [Diagnosis]
  • cheilitis/di [Diagnosis]
  • chemically induced disorder
  • child
  • chronic disease
  • general aspects of disease
  • geographic tongue/di [Diagnosis]
  • gingiva overgrowth
  • gingivitis/et [Etiology]
  • human
  • hypophosphatasia/co [Complication]
  • insulin dependent diabetes mellitus/co [Complicati
  • microbiology
  • periodontitis/et [Etiology]
  • preschool child
  • puberty
  • review
  • stomatitis/di [Diagnosis]
  • thrush/di [Diagnosis]
  • tooth plaque/co [Complication]

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  • Tae-Ju Oh

  • Robert Eber

  • Hom-Lay Wang

  • Oh T.J.

  • Eber R.

  • Wang H.L.

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