PERSONALITY AND THE INCIDENCE OF HYPERTENSION AMONG OLDER MEN - LONGITUDINAL FINDINGS FROM THE NORMATIVE AGING STUDY

  • SPIRO A
  • ALDWIN C
  • WARD K
 et al. 
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Abstract

Personality predictors of hypertension incidence were studied in 838
community-residing men from the Normative Aging Study. They were
followed over a mean of 17 years during which time 38% developed
hypertension. Stepwise proportional hazards regression was used to
identify scales from the Cattell 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire
that predicted hypertension incidence, controlling for biomedical,
social, and behavioral risk factors. There was a significant negative
relation between the personality trait of emotional stability and the
incidence of hypertension, controlling for baseline blood pressure,
education, and alcohol consumption. These results support those who
argue that personality characteristics predict the development of
hypertension.

Author-supplied keywords

  • AGING; EMOTIONAL STABILITY; LONGITUDINAL STUDIES;

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Authors

  • A SPIRO

  • C M ALDWIN

  • K D WARD

  • D K MROCZEK

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