The preparticipation physical examination: An update

  • Seto C
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The evolution of the preparticipation physical examination (PPE) in the United States continues to advance. In May 2010, the fourth edition of the Preparticipation Physical Examination Evaluation (PPE-4) monograph was published. The monograph is a product reflecting the collaborative efforts of 6 author societies. This article provides a brief historical review of the PPE and then highlights the recent changes and updates contained in the PPE-4 monograph, including cardiovascular screening in athletes. New recommendations to include the PPE in all well-child care visits and the need to develop a nationwide standard for the PPE are discussed. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Athletes
  • Evaluation
  • Preparticipation physical examination
  • Sports medicine

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  • Craig K. Seto

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