Prevalence of Trypanosome Infections in Ruminants in the Southern Guinea Savanna , Nigeria .

  • Ahmed A
  • Okiwelu S
  • Dede P
  • 3


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A survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of trypanosomes in cattle and sheep in Kaura Local Government Area (LGA) of Kaduna State, southern guinea savanna, Nigeria. Animals were sampled in 12 villages from the districts of Bondong, Fada, Kadarko, Kukum, Manchok and Zankan. Sampling visits were undertaken on seasonal basis in the late wet season (October), early dry season (December), late dry season (February) and early wet season (June). Three- ml blood samples were collected from the jugular vein of 395 cattle and 37 sheep. The results revealed that 21.53 ± 1.97% (range 9.4-43.8% per village) of the total animals were infected with various species of trypanosomes, with the prevalence in bovine and ovine being 20.51 ± 2.03% and 32.43 ± 7.69% respectively. Trypanosoma vivax check for this species in other resources had the highest infection rates (64.52%), followed by T. brucei (18.30%) and T. congolense (17.20%). Infections varied significantly among the districts, ranging from 9.7% at Zankan to 36.9% at Manchok (t=13.08; df=3; p

Author-supplied keywords

  • a
  • address for correspondence
  • adoahmed2001
  • ahmed
  • b
  • com
  • department of biological
  • dr
  • email
  • guinea savannah
  • kaduna
  • kaduna state university
  • nigeria
  • pmb 2339
  • prevalence
  • ruminants
  • sciences
  • trypanosomes
  • yahoo

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  • A B Ahmed

  • S N Okiwelu

  • P M Dede

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