Prevention of preterm delivery with periodontal treatment

  • Novák T
  • Radnai M
  • Gorzó I
 et al. 
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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the role of periodontal treatment (PT) in the prevention of preterm delivery (PD). METHODS: A comparative prospective study of two groups of pregnant women with threatening PD was carried out at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the University of Szeged: group A (n = 39) comprised patients who were merely examined dentally for periodontitis, and group B (n = 44) consisted of patients who received periodontal treatment during pregnancy. RESULTS: Periodontitis was identified in 19 cases (48.7%) in group A and in 18 cases (40.9%) in group B. The mean birth weight of the newborns was significantly higher in group B (3,009.1 g) than in group A (2,580.8 g; p = 0.007). The rate of premature birth was significantly lower in the group who received PT (p = 0.012, odds ratio = 3.5, 95% confidence interval = 1.38-8.86). CONCLUSIONS: The PT of pregnant women can decrease the rate of premature birth and consequently lead to a better neonatal health outcome.

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Dental Care
  • Adult
  • Adult[checkword]
  • Adulto
  • Assistência Odontológica
  • Dental Care
  • Female
  • Female[checkword]
  • Feminino
  • Gravidez
  • Humanos
  • Humans
  • Humans[checkword]
  • Obstetric Labor
  • Periodontal treatment
  • Periodontite/complicações
  • Periodontite/epidemiologia
  • Periodontite/terapia
  • Periodontitis
  • Periodontitis [complications] [epidemiology] [ther
  • Periodontitis/*complications/epidemiology/therapy
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy[checkword]
  • Premature [epidemiology] [etiology] [prevention &
  • Premature/epidemiology/etiology/*prevention & cont
  • Preterm delivery
  • Sr-oral: sr-preg
  • Trabalho de Parto Prematuro/epidemiologia
  • Trabalho de Parto Prematuro/etiologia
  • Trabalho de Parto Prematuro/prevenção &amp
  • amp
  • controle

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Authors

  • T Novák

  • M Radnai

  • I Gorzó

  • E Urbán

  • H Orvos

  • J Eller

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