Properties of the Driving Behavior Survey among individuals with motor vehicle accident-related posttraumatic stress disorder

  • Clapp J
  • Baker A
  • Litwack S
 et al. 
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Abstract

Data suggest anxious drivers may engage in problematic behaviors that place themselves and others at increased risk of negative traffic events. Three domains of problematic behavior - exaggerated safety/caution, performance deficits, and hostile/aggressive behaviors - previously were identified during development of the Driving Behavior Survey (DBS), a novel measure of anxiety-related behavior. Extending this research, the current study examined the psychometric properties of DBS scores among individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) subsequent to motor vehicle trauma (N= 40). Internal consistencies and 12-week test-retest reliabilities for DBS scales ranged from good to excellent. Comparison of scores to normative student data indicated dose-response relationships for safety/caution and performance deficit subscales, with increased frequency of anxious behavior occurring within the PTSD sample. Associations with standard clinical measures provide additional evidence for anxiety-related driving behavior as a unique marker of functional impairment, distinct from both avoidance and disorder-specific symptoms. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Assessment
  • Driving anxiety
  • Driving behavior
  • Motor vehicle accident
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder

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