Psychosocial Influences on College Adjustment in Division I Student-Athletes: The Role of Athletic Identity

  • Melendez M
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Traditionally, graduation rates have been employed as a primary measure of college success for student-athletes. However, other sport related factors influencing college success and adjustment have yet to be adequately researched in the literature. The purpose of this study was to examine more closely the impact of race, gender, and athletic identity on the college adjust-ment of a group of freshmen and sophomore varsity student-athletes. A regression model employing athletic identity as a moderator of race for specific indices of college adjustment in student-athletes was tested. One-hundred and one varsity student-athletes from three Division 1 universities participated in the study. Findings revealed significant correlations among the variables of gender, race, athletic identity, and certain aspects of college adjustment. In addition, the model of athletic identity as a moderator of race in student-athletes was partially supported. Implications of the current findings to student-athlete retention and support services are discussed. The literature regarding the costs and benefits of collegiate sport participation and its influence on college success has been mixed over the past two decades. Several studies have alluded to a positive link between athletic participation and academic performance, rates of retention, and rates of graduation in college and high school student-athletes. For example, athletic participation was positively associated with overall satisfaction with the college experience, motivation to earn a degree, the

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  • Mickey C. Melendez

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