Psycho-social predictors of chronicity in depressed patients

  • Hirschfeld R
  • Klerman G
  • Andreasen N
 et al. 
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Abstract

Investigated whether psychosocial variables contribute to the prediction of chronicity in depression, over and above the factor of prior duration of episode. 19 patients (mean age 42.6 yrs) with an episode of major depressive disorder who did not recover within 2 yrs of prospective follow-up were compared with an equal number who recovered within 1 yr of the initial evaluation and remained well through the 2-yr follow-up. Ss were individually matched for age, sex, primary/secondary status, and prior duration of episode. Results show that the only psychosocial variable that predicted chronicity was increased neuroticism on self-report personality inventories administered during the index evaluation. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)

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Authors

  • R. M A Hirschfeld

  • G. L. Klerman

  • N. C. Andreasen

  • P. J. Clayton

  • M. B. Keller

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