PURPOSE: Suture ligation is a simple method to curb the hemorrhoids. The present study was conducted to determine the usefulness of suture ligation in third-degree hemorrhoids and to compare it with author's procedure of suture ligation coupled with hemorrhoidal ablation through radiowave.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty-four consecutive patients with grade III hemorrhoids requiring surgery were randomized into two groups. Half of them were treated by suture ligation, while the remaining patients underwent a radiowave ablation of hemorrhoids using a Ellman radiowave generator followed by suture ligation. A blinded observer evaluated postoperative pain scores, amount of analgesics consumed, and complications encountered. He also assessed recurrence of hemorrhoids after 1 year.
RESULTS: The postoperative pain score was significantly higher in the suture ligation group (3.4+/-0.2 vs. 2.2+/-0.1, p
CONCLUSION: Suture ligation of hemorrhoids is a simple, cost-effective, and a convenient modality in treating third-degree hemorrhoids. The efficacy and postoperative comfort is further enhanced if the hemorrhoids are ablated with radiowave prior to ligating them.
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