Rediscovery and Mitochondrial Relationships of the Dendrobatid Frog Colostethus humilis Suggest Parallel Colonization of the Venezuelan Andes by Poison Frogs

  • La Marca E
  • Vences M
  • Lötters S
  • 92


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 13


    Citations of this article.


Colostethus humilis Rivero, ‘1978’ 1980 was rediscovered near the type locality. The species is redescribed, and data on its advertisement call are provided for the first time. Its morphology and colour pattern differ from other Andean dendrobatids. It shows morphological and bio-acoustic similarities to species of Colostethus from the Amazonian lowlands. A phylogenetic analysis of sequences of the mito- chondrial 16S rRNA gene confirmed that C. humilis is related to Amazonian lowland Colostethus, rather than to other Andean poison frogs of the genera Nephelobates and Mannophryne. This indicates that several groups of basal dendrobatids independently have colonised the Venezuelan Andes.

Author-supplied keywords

  • advertisement call
  • anura
  • colostethus humilis
  • dendrobatidae
  • mitochondrial
  • phylogeny
  • redescription

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • Enrique La Marca

  • Miguel Vences

  • Stefan Lötters

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free