Regional and international approaches on prevention and control of animal transboundary and emerging diseases

  • Domenech J
  • Lubroth J
  • Eddi C
 et al. 
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Transboundary animal diseases pose a serious risk to the world animal
agriculture and food security and jeopardize international trade. The
world has been facing devastating economic losses from major outbreaks
of transboundary animal diseases (TADs) such as foot-and-mouth disease,
classical swine fever, rinderpest, peste des petits ruminants (PPR), and
Rift Valley fever. Lately the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI)
due to H5N1 virus, has become an international crisis as all regions
around the world can be considered at risk. In the past decades, public
health authorities within industrialized countries have been faced with
an increasing number of food safety issues. The situation is equally
serious in developing countries. The globalization of food (and feed)
trade, facilitated by the liberalization of world trade, while offering
many benefits and opportunities, also represents new risks. The GF-TADs
Global Secretariat has carried out several regional consultations for
the identification of priority diseases and best ways for their
administration, prevention and control. In the questionnaires carried
out and through the consultative process, it was noted that globally,
FMD was ranked as the first and foremost priority. Rift Valley fever,
and today highly pathogenic avian influenza, are defined as major animal
diseases which also affect human health. PPR and CBPP, a disease which
is particularly serious in Africa and finally, African swine fever (ASF)
and classical swine fever (CSF) are also regionally recognised as top
priorities on which the Framework is determined to work. The FAO
philosophy-shared by the OIE-embraces the need to prevent and control
TADs and emerging diseases at their source, which is most of the time in
developing countries. Regional and international approaches have to be
followed, and the FAO and OIE GF-TADs initiative provides the
appropriate concepts and objectives as well as an organizational
framework to link international and regional organizations at the
service of their countries to better prevent and control the risks on
animal and human health and the economic impact of TADs and emerging
animal diseases.

Author-supplied keywords

  • transboundary animal diseases; emerging animal dis

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  • J Domenech

  • J Lubroth

  • C Eddi

  • V Martin

  • F Roger

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