Regulation of dendritic cell differentiation and antitumor immune response in cancer by pharmacologic-selective inhibition of the Janus-activated kinase 2/signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 pathway

  • Nefedova Y
  • Nagaraj S
  • Rosenbauer A
 et al. 
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Abstract

Abnormal dendritic cell differentiation and accumulation of immunosuppressive myeloid cells in cancer is one of the major factors of tumor nonresponsiveness. We have previously shown that hyperactivation of the Janus-activated kinase 2/signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3) induced by tumor-derived factors (TDF) is responsible for abnormal dendritic cell differentiation. Here, using a novel selective inhibitor of JAK2/STAT3 JSI-124, we investigated the possibility of pharmacologic regulation of dendritic cell differentiation in cancer. Our experiments in vitro have shown that JSI-124 overcomes the differentiation block induced by TDF and promotes the differentiation of mature dendritic cells and macrophages. JSI-124 significantly reduced the presence of immature myeloid cells in vivo and promoted accumulation of mature dendritic cells. In addition to a direct antitumor effect in several animal models, JSI-124 significantly enhanced the effect of cancer immunotherapy. This indicates that pharmacologic inhibition of the JAK2/STAT3 pathway can be an important new therapeutic strategy to enhance antitumor activity of cancer immunotherapy.

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