In the present study, we describe a reusable electrochemical immunosensor for the repeated detection of cancer biomarkers using a single platform. The integration of a temperature-responsive polymer on the electrode surface enables easy manipulation of the biological sensing interface (i.e., addition of biotin, streptavidin, and antibody), thus allowing for temperature-induced regeneration and disruption of the interface architecture of the electrode surface. Using our immunosensor, we demonstrate sequential amperometric detection of three tumor markers: CA125, CEA, and PSA. Interestingly, greatly amplified signals are achieved by immersing the immunosensor in a solution of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and antibody-labeled nanoparticles, resulting in a linear range of 0.0064 to 256. U/mL, 1. pg/mL to 100. ng/mL, and 10. pg/mL to 10. ng/mL with a detection limit of 0.007. U/mL, 0.7. pg/mL, and 0.9. pg/mL for CA125, CEA, and PSA, respectively. By alternating temperature, the immunosensor adsorbs and desorbs the biological elements without damage. Our proposed methodology can be expanded to measure other relevant biological species by repeated detection and thus has enormous potential for industrial and clinical applications.
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