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A review of sea-spray aerosol source functions using a large global set of sea salt aerosol concentration measurements

Grythe H, Ström J, Krejci R, Quinn P, Stohl A...(+5 more)

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 14, issue 3 (2014) pp. 1277-1297

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Abstract

Sea-spray aerosols (SSA) are an important part of the climate system because of their effects on the global ra- diative budget – both directly as scatterers and absorbers of solar and terrestrial radiation, and indirectly as cloud conden- sation nuclei (CCN) influencing cloud formation, lifetime, and precipitation. In terms of their global mass, SSA have the largest uncertainty of all aerosols. In this study we re- view 21 SSA source functions from the literature, several of which are used in current climate models. In addition, we propose a new function. Even excluding outliers, the global annual SSA mass produced spans roughly 3–70 Pg yr−1 for the different source functions, for particles with dry diameter Dp

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