Revisiting discovery and justification: historical and philosophical perspectives on the context distinction

  • Schickore J
  • Steinle F
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The distinction between the contexts of discovery and justification has had a turbulent career in philosophy of science. At times celebrated as the hallmark of philosophical approaches to science, at times condemned as ambiguous, distorting, and misleading, the distinction dominated philosophical debates from the early decades of the twentieth century to the 1980s. Until today, it informs our conception of the content, domain, and goals of philosophy of science. It is due to this fact that new trends in philosophy of experimentation and history and sociology of science have been marginalized by traditional scholarship in philosophy. To acknowledge properly this important recent work we need to re-open the debate about the nature, development, and significance of the context distinction, about its merits and flaws. The contributions to this volume provide close readings and detailed analyses of the original textual sources for the context distinction. They revise those accounts of forerunners of the distinction that have been written through the lens of Logical Empiricism. They map, clarify, and analyse the derivations and mutations of the context distinctions as we encounter them in current history and philosophy of science. The re-evaluation of the distinction helps us deal with the philosophical challenges that the New Experimentalism and historically, socio-politically and economically oriented science studies have placed before us. This volume thus clears the ground for the productive and fruitful integration of these new developments into philosophy of science. Table of content Jutta Schickore & Friedrich Steinle - Introduction: Revisiting the Context Distinction Part I The Contexts of the Distinction Don Howard -Lost Wanderers in the Forest of Knowledge: Some Thoughts on the Discovery-Justification Distinction Gregor Schiemann - Inductive Justification and Discovery. On Hans Reichenbachs Foundation of the Autonomy of the Philosophy of Science Alan Richardson - Freedom in a Scientific Society: Reading the Context of Reichenbachs Contexts Part II Forerunners? Jutta Schickore - A Forerunner? - Perhaps, but not to the Context Distinction. William Whewells Germano-Cantabrigian History of the Fundamental Ideas Lothar Schäfer - Autonomy versus Development: Duhem on Progress in Science Volker Peckhaus - Psychologism and the Distinction between Discovery and Justification Part III Revisions and Applications Paul Hoyningen-Huene - Context of Discovery versus Context of Justification and Thomas Kuhn Thomas Sturm & Gerd Gigerenzer - How Can We Use the Distinction between Discovery and Justification? On Weaknesses of the Strong Programme in Sociology of Science Thomas Nickles - Heuristic Appraisal: Context of Discovery or Justification? Friedrich Steinle - Experiment, Concept Formation and the Limits of Justification: "Discovering" the Two Electricities Thomas Potthast - Contexts of Justifying and Discovering the Nature of Ecosystems: From Concepts to Objects and vice-versa Theodore Arabatzis - On the Inextricability of the Context of Discovery and the Context of Justification

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  • Jutta Schickore

  • Friedrich Steinle

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