The role of transport-related models in urban planning practice

  • Te Brömmelstroet M
  • Bertolini L
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Abstract

The ways of dealing with transport issues in daily urban planning practice are facing several transitions worldwide: (1) from classical ‘predict and provide’ and later ‘predict and prevent’ (Marvin and Guy, 1999; Owens, 1995) to a more balanced view on mobility and accessibility (Banister, 2008); (2) from focusing on transport as a single issue to a more holistic view of mobility in relation to a wide range of issues (Bertolini et al., 2008); (3) from searching for means for a given goal (e.g. solving congestion) to being one of the subjects in the goal-seeking process; and (4) from a relatively simple institutional context to a complex one with multi- ple participating stakeholders, holding multiple values and having multiple conflicting goals (Willson, 2001). All these transitions set new requirements on transport knowledge to support planning: different types of knowledge are needed (Handy, 2008; Healey, 2007, pp. 235–263), but just as importantly, new ways of generating and employing knowledge. In this respect, a particularly problematic, and yet crucial, transport knowledge domain is that represented by computer-based planning support systems (PSS).

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