Density functional theory calculations have been used to evaluate the geometries and energetics of interactions between a number of uranyl complexes and hydrogen bond donor groups. The results reveal that although traditional hydrogen bond donors are repelled by the oxo group in the [UO(2)(OH(2))(5)](2+) species, they are attracted to the oxo groups in [UO(2)(OH(2))(2)(NO(3))(2)](0), [UO(2)(NO(3))(3)](-), and [UO(2)Cl(4)](2-) species. Hydrogen bond strength depends on the equatorial ligation and can exceed 15 kcal mol(-1). The results also reveal the existence of directionality at the uranyl oxo acceptor, with a weak preference for linear U horizontal lineO---H angles.
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