Selective oxidation of ammonia on RuO2(1 1 0): A combined DFT and KMC study

  • Hong S
  • Karim A
  • Rahman T
 et al. 
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Abstract

We have used a combination of density functional theory (DFT) and kinetic Monte Carlo (KMC) simulations to calculate the reaction rates for the selective oxidation of ammonia on RuO2(1 1 0). Our KMC simulations of 18 reactions among NHx(x=0-3)and OHx(x=0-2)species on RuO2(1 1 0) show 93% selectivity for NO, in close agreement with experiment (∼95%). The chief factor in the high selectivity for NO on the RuO2(1 1 0) surface is the significantly reduced N diffusion (via N blocking) caused by various intermediates present on the RuO2(1 1 0) surface, which severely inhibits the recombination rate of N + N → N2but interfere far less with that of N + O → NO owing to the nearby availability of O from dissociation of O2.© 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Ammonia
  • Catalysis
  • Density functional theory
  • Kinetic Monte Carlo
  • Oxidation
  • Oxide
  • Ruthenium
  • Selectivity

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