Self-Favoring Biases for Positive and Negative Characteristics: Independent Phenomena?

  • Hoorens V
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Abstract

Reviews evidence suggesting that optimistic biases for positive and negative characteristics (i.e., events, behaviors, and traits) may be partly independent. Besides being loosely associated among themselves, biases for positive and negative characteristics correlate differentially with the specific nature of the characteristics themselves. In addition, perceived superiority and personal optimism for positive vs negative characteristics show different correlational patterns with a variety of personality traits. These findings show that biases for positive and negative characteristics are not as closely related as has been assumed. The relative independence of biases has been explained through the adaptational difference between approach and avoidance tendencies. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2002 APA, all rights reserved):

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Authors

  • Vera Hoorens

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