OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has a dismal 5-year survival rate of 5%. There is an urgent need for early detection while the tumors are small and surgically resectable. We assessed serum osteopontin (OPN) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) as possible diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in a novel cohort of patients with pancreatic cancer.
METHODS: Osteopontin and TIMP-1 levels were determined in sera from 86 patients with PDAC, 86 healthy control subjects, and 48 patients with chronic pancreatitis. Regression models were used to relate OPN and TIMP-1 to sex, age, stage, class, and treatment. Survival analyses were performed using univariate and multivariate Cox models.
RESULTS: The serum levels of both OPN and TIMP-1 distinguished PDAC from chronic pancreatitis (P ≤ 0.0001) and healthy control subjects (P < 0.0001). The serum levels of both OPN and TIMP-1 also distinguished early-stage resectable PDAC cases from chronic pancreatitis (P < 0.04) and healthy control subjects (P < 0.01). High serum levels of OPN were significantly correlated with reduced patient survival.
CONCLUSIONS: Serum OPN and TIMP-1 have use as diagnostic biomarkers in PDAC. Our data suggest a potential benefit of using OPN, TIMP-1, and CA 19-9 in a panel to improve diagnostic accuracy in PDAC.
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