Sexual functioning, health beliefs, and compliance with high blood pressure medications

  • Watts R
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Abstract

This study compared sexual functioning in 84 hypertensive subjects enrolled in an inner city hypertensive program with a matched group of 84 nonhypertensive subjects attending ambulatory care. Using the Sexual Functioning Questionnaire (SFQ), hypertensive subjects achieved lower levels of sexual functioning than nonhypertensive subjects (F = 21.60, df = 1/164, p < .001). The 84 hypertensive subjects were categorized according to drug regimen (simple, moderate, and complex) and diastolic blood pressure measurement (DBP) (controlled and uncontrolled). Health beliefs of both sexes, relation-ship between type of drug regimen and sexual functioning, and association between self-report compliance and sexual functioning were examined. In the health belief survey, males reported a greater frequency of drug-induced sex problems than females (p < .01), use of a complex drug regimen was associated with low level of sexual functioning (p < .01), and type of self-report compliance was not related to level of sexual functioning. Hydrochlorothiazide, propranolol, and hydralazine were used by 80 percent, 43 percent, and 20 percent of clients. Self-report compliance was significantly related to controlled DBP (p < .001).

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Authors

  • Rosalyn Jones Watts

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