This study reports the new and simple synthesis of magnetic La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) nanoparticles by thermal decomposition method using acetate salts of La, Sr and Mn as starting materials. To obtain the LSMO nanoparticles, thermal decomposition of the precursor is carried out at the temperatures of 600, 700, 800, 900, and 1000A degrees C for 6 hours. The synthesized LSMO nanoparticles were characterized by XRD, FT-IR, TEM and SEM. Structural characterization shows that the prepared particles consisted of two phases of LaMnO3 (LMO) and LSMO with crystallite sizes ranging from 18 to 55 nm. All the prepared samples have a perovskite structure which changes from cubic to rhombohedral with the increase in the thermal decomposition temperature. Basic magnetic characteristics such as saturation magnetization (M (S)) and coercive field (H (C)) are evaluated by sample vibrating magnetometry at room temperature (20A degrees C). The samples show soft ferromagnetic behavior with M (S) values of similar to 9-55 emu/g and H (C) values of similar to 8-37 Oe, depending on the crystallite size and thermal decomposition temperature. The relationship between the crystallite size and the magnetic properties is presented and discussed. The cytotoxicity of synthesized LSMO nanoparticles was also evaluated with NIH 3T3 cells and the result showed that the synthesized nanoparticles were not toxic to the cells as determined from cell viability in response to the liquid extraction of LSMO nanoparticles.
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