Smoking cessation after an acute coronary syndrome: Immediate quitters are successful quitters

  • Snaterse M
  • Scholte op Reimer W
  • Dobber J
 et al. 
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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention guidelines stress the importance of smoking cessation and recommend intensive follow-up. To guide the development of such cessation support strategies, we analysed the characteristics that are associated with successful smoking cessation after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: We used data from the Randomised Evaluation of Secondary Prevention for ACS patients coordinated by Outpatient Nurse SpEcialists (RESPONSE) trial (n=754). This was designed to quantify the impact of a nurse-coordinated prevention program, focusing on healthy lifestyles, traditional CVD risk factors and medication adherence. For the current analysis we included all smokers (324/754, 43%). Successful quitters were defined as those who reported abstinence at 1 year of follow-up. RESULTS: The majority of successful quitters quit immediately after the ACS event and remained abstinent through 1 year of follow-up, without extra support (128/156, 82%). Higher education level (33 vs. 15%, p

Author-supplied keywords

  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Secondary prevention
  • Smoking cessation

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