Spatial and temporal variation of ice motion and ice flux from Devon Ice Cap, Nunavut, Canada

  • Van Wychen W
  • Copland L
  • Gray L
 et al. 
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Abstract

Speckle tracking of repeat RADARSAT-2 fine-beam imagery acquired over 24 day periods in March 2009 allowed the creation of updated surface motion maps for the entire Devon Ice Cap, Canada. Error analysis indicates that speckle tracking can determine ice motion to an accuracy of 5ma–1. Comparisons with earlier velocity maps from the mid-1990s and 2000 reveal velocity patterns that largely agree with flow regimes described previously. However, motion determined along East5 Glacier indicates an increase in surface velocities between the studies. Additionally, Southeast2 Glacier has significantly accelerated over the past decade, with velocities greater in 2009 than in the early 1990s along almost the entire length of the glacier. This is likely indicative of a surge. Present-day total mass loss from Devon Ice Cap due to iceberg calving is calculated as 0.400.09 Gt a–1, similar to that reported by Burgess and others (2005), with Belcher Glacier accounting for 42% of the entire loss.

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