Speciation of butyltin derivatives in surface sediments of three southern Brazilian harbors

  • de Oliveira C
  • dos Santos D
  • dos Santos Madureira L
 et al. 
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Abstract

For the first time, organotin compounds were determined in surface sediment samples collected from São Francisco do Sul, Itajaí-Navegantes and Imbituba Harbors, located in Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Butyltins (BTs) were determined by gas chromatography with a pulsed flame photometric detector (GC-PFPD) after being modified using the Grignard derivatization method. The concentrations of BTs derivatives ranged from n.d. to 1136.6ng (Sn)g-1of dry weight (dw) sediment for tributyltin (TBT), n.d. to 394.4ng (Sn)g-1dw for dibutyltin (DBT) and n.d. to 312.2ng (Sn)g-1dw for monobutyltin (MBT). The highest concentration of total BTs was found at the Itajaí-Açu River dockyard, indicating intense inputs of antifouling paints to the environment. The relative difference in the BTs levels is a particular characteristic of sediments from harbors and may be related to the shipyards and the boat traffic which still use TBT-based antifouling paints. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Butyltins
  • Harbors
  • Santa Catarina
  • Sediments

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