Spreading Depression Expands Traumatic Injury in Neocortical Brain Slices

  • Church A
  • Andrew R
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Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is particularly common in young people, generating healthcare costs that can span decades. The cellular processes activated in the first minutes following injury are poorly understood, and the 3–4 h following trauma are crucial for reducing subsequent injury. Spreading depression (SD) is a profound inactivation of neurons and glia lasting 1–2 min that arises focally and migrates outward across gray matter. In the hours following focal stroke, the metabolic stress of energy reduction and recurring SD-like events (peri-infarct depolarizations, PIDs) interact to promote neuronal injury. Similar recurring depolarizations might evolve immediately following TBI and exacerbate neuronal damage peripheral to the impact site. To test this possibility and examine if certain drugs might limit damage by inhibiting what we term traumatic spreading depression (tSD), we developed a technique whereby a small weight was dropped onto a live slice of rat neocortex while imaging changes in light t...

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Authors

  • Alanna J. Church

  • R. David Andrew

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