Staged-volume radiosurgery for large arteriovenous malformations: a review

  • AlKhalili K
  • Chalouhi N
  • Tjoumakaris S
 et al. 
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Abstract

Stereotactic radiosurgery is an effective management strategy for properly selected patients with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). However, the risk of postradiosurgical radiation-related injury is higher in patients with large AVMs. Multistaged volumetric management of large AVMs was undertaken to limit the radiation exposure to the surrounding normal brain. This strategy offers a promising method for obtaining high AVM obliteration rates with minimal normal tissue damage. The use of embolization as an adjunctive method in the treatment of large AVMs remains controversial. Unfortunately, staged-volume radiosurgery (SVR) has a number of potential pitfalls that affect the outcome. The aim of this article is to highlight the role of SVR in the treatment of large AVMs, to discuss the outcome comparing it to other treatment modalities, and to discuss the potential improvement that could be introduced to this method of treatment.

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Authors

  • Kenan AlKhalili

  • Nohra Chalouhi

  • Stavropoula Tjoumakaris

  • Robert Rosenwasser

  • Pascal Jabbour

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