State of the art in craniofacial surgery: Nonsyndromic craniosynostosis

  • Williams J
  • Ellenbogen R
  • Gruss J
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Abstract

Craniosynostosis refers to the premature fusion of one of the six major sutures of the cranial vault. Functionally, craniosynostosis may be defined as the premature conversion of the dynamic region of growth and resorption between two adjacent bones of the cranium into a static region of bony union. Molecular analysis has blurred the traditional categories of nonsyndromic and syndromic synostosis to some extent, but, in general, the distinctions between the two groups still hold true. The complexity of the congenital anomalies may be limited with the former, whereas the latter usually requires reoperations and correction of the facial skeleton. This article briefly outlines the characteristic deformities produced from nonsyndromic craniosynostosis. Various approaches to surgical correction of the deformities are described. Finally, new biomaterials that are used in the correction of nonsyndromic craniosynostosis are reviewed.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Biomaterials
  • Craniofacial surgery
  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Nonsyndromic craniosynostosis

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Authors

  • Joseph Kerwin Williams

  • Richard G. Ellenbogen

  • Joseph S. Gruss

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