Strangulated groin hernia in octogenarians

  • Azari Y
  • Perry Z
  • Kirshtein B
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The aim of the study was to determine risk factors for morbidity and mortality in patients older than 80 years, compared to younger patients, who undergo emergency strangulated groin hernia repair.
{METHODS}: This is a retrospective study of patients who underwent emergency surgery for strangulated groin hernia repair during 14 years. Patients were divided by age into three groups: younger than 59 (group A), 60-79 (group B), and older than 80 years (group C). Patient data included age, gender, hernia type, sac content, comorbidities, and surgical outcomes.
{RESULTS}: Two hundred patients were included in the study. There was no difference between groups in sex, hernia localization, and the type of repair. More comorbidities were found in octogenarians compared to the younger patients [group C vs. D (A + B)]. Small bowel resections and {ICU} admissions were more frequent in patients over 60 years compared to younger patients, 19.6 and 32.7 % vs. 1.7 and 0 %, respectively. Surgery was longer in group B. The rate of postoperative complications, repeated surgery, length of admission, and mortality were significantly higher in octogenarian (group C). Multivariate analysis found that age is a significant factor in the occurrence of non-surgical postoperative complications, but not in surgical complications.
{CONCLUSION}: Emergency surgery for strangulated hernia repair in patients over 80 years is more complicated than in younger patients, mostly due to the existing comorbidities. In order to reduce the high morbidity and mortality rates in emergency surgery associated with this age group, elective hernia surgery in elderly should be considered in selected patients with severe symptoms affecting their daily life.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Elderly
  • Emergency surgery
  • Groin hernia
  • Hernia repair
  • Octogenarians
  • Strangulation

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