The main results of recent theoretical work on liquid impact are summarized, and a set of experiments using a gelatin wedge technique is reported and discussed. It is shown that wave effects such as shock detachment, focusing, and crossing can explain many of the features observed in liquid erosion tests and experiments. The experimental findings on jetting angle, jet velocity, drop cavitation, damage patterns, drop oblateness, and specimen orientation in erosion testing are addressed in detail.
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