The electrochemical supercapacitor is an emerging technology that promises to play an important role in meeting the demands of electronic devices and systems both now and in the future. This paper traces the history of the development of the technology, and explores the principles and theory of operation. The use of supercapacitors in applications such as pulse power, backup sources, and others is discussed and their advantages over alternative technologies are considered. To provide examples with which to outline practical implementation issues, systems incorporating supercapacitors as vital components are also explored.
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