Purpose - The purpose is to report on a Danish nano-science and nano-technology foresight project carried out in 2004. Design/methodology/ approach - The foresight process had the following key elements: review of international technology foresight projects on nano-technology; mapping of Danish nano-science and nano-technology; broad internet survey among interested parties; expert reports; workshops related to the expert reports; analysis of the dynamics of innovation within nano-technology; survey on hazards and environmental and ethical aspects; group interviews with members of the public. Findings - The article reflects on the following methodological issues: domain classification and its influence on conclusions; the use of statements or hypotheses; trustworthiness of the foresight process and its recommendations. Practical implications - Recommendations from the project have already been used in decision-making on R&D funding and in strategic deliberation in publicly funded institutions conducting R&D. Others are expected to be used for decision-making, and some are being discussed in research councils and ministries or are being investigated and developed further. Moreover, the foresight process has created broader awareness of, and debate especially about, the hazardous aspects of nano-technology among researchers and decision makers. Originality/value - The article contribute the to the European experiences with national level foresight exercises. The case and the findings are of value for science and innovation policy makers, foresight practitioners and scolars within the field. Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
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