Testosterone intake and aggressiveness: Real effect or anticipation?

  • Björkqvist K
  • Nygren T
  • Björklund A
 et al. 
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Abstract

In a double-blind experiment, human males (n = 27\ were given either testosterone (40 mg/day), placebo, or no treatment, over a one week period. Subjective and observer assessed mood estimations were conducted before and after treatment. Testosterone levels in saliva were measured with radioimmunoassay. The results revealed a signilicant pla- cebo effect [c.f. Medicine and Science in Sports 42124-126]: After treatment, the pla- cebo group scored higher than both the testosterone and the control group on self-esti- mated anger, irritation, impulsivity, and frustration. Observer-estimated mood yielded similar results. The lack ofa placebo effect in the testosterone group is intriguing, and may be due to secondary effects caused by suppression of the body's own testosterone production, since recorded non-protein bound testosterone did not significantly rise due to treatment. The results suggest that androgen usage causes expectations, rather than an actual increase ofaggressiveness. tj 1994wiley-Liss, Inc. Key

Author-supplied keywords

  • aggression
  • mood
  • radioimmunoassay
  • steroids
  • testosterone

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Authors

  • Kaj Björkqvist

  • Tor Nygren

  • Ann‐Christin ‐C Björklund

  • Stig‐Eyrik ‐E Björkqvist

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