Thermodynamic analysis of low-temperature carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide capture from coal-burning power plants

  • Swanson C
  • Elzey J
  • Hershberger R
 et al. 
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Abstract

We discuss the possibility of capturing carbon dioxide from the flue gas of a coal-fired electrical power plant by cryogenically desublimating the carbon dioxide and then preparing it for transport in a pipeline to a sequestration site. Various other means have been proposed to accomplish the same goal. The problem discussed here is to estimate the “energy penalty” or “parasitic energy loss,' defined as the fraction of electrical output that will be needed to provide the refrigeration and that will then not be deliverable. We compute the energy loss (7.9–9.2% at 1 atm) based on perfect Carnot efficiency and estimate the achievable parasitic energy loss (22–26% at 1 atm) by incorporating the published coefficient of performance values for appropriately sized refrigeration or liquefaction cycles at the relevant temperatures. The analyses at 1 atm represent a starting point for future analyses using elevated pressures.

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Authors

  • John PfotenhauerUniversity of Wisconsin Madison Department of Mechanical Engineering

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  • Charles E. Swanson

  • John W. Elzey

  • Robert E. Hershberger

  • Russell J. Donnelly

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