Treatment of metastatic melanoma with autologous melan-a/mart-1-specific cytotoxic t lymphocyte clones

  • Khammari A
  • Labarrière N
  • Vignard V
 et al. 
  • 33

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 52

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

Immunotherapy by adoptive T-cell transfer aims at maximizing tumor antigen-specific T-cell responses. We treated 14 patients at the metastatic stage in a phase II study with Melan-A-specific T-cell clones generated from patient blood. During the period required for T-cell clone generation, the patients were treated by dacarbazine. Every patient received a T-cell clone suspension followed by subcutaneous injections of interleukin 2 and interferon alpha. Patients were monitored until disease progression occurred. We succeeded in obtaining autologous Melan-A-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte clones, which were highly reactive against tumor cells for all the patients. Of the 14 patients treated, six (43%) experienced an objective response (CR + PR) with long-term complete remission for two patients (1 CR for 5 years and 1 CR for 28 months). Furthermore, we showed that all the clinical responses were significantly associated with in vivo expansion of the Melan-A-specific T-cell repertoire. This phenomenon appeared to be significantly associated with clinical responses. Thus, over the course of an adoptive cell transfer, monitoring this melanoma-specific T-cell expansion in patient blood appears crucial for predicting the clinical efficiency of such an immunological approach.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free