The Cochrane Data Base (www.cochranelibrary. com/clibhome/clib.htm, retrieved February 23, 2001), a comprehensive international review of current medical and obstetric practices, demonstrates that birth outcomes improve with one-to-one labor support but not necessarily with continuous fetal monitoring. Because of a cultural bias toward technology, however, few extrinsic rewards exist for nurses who provide individualized labor support. Clinical scholarship in the obstetric setting is one way to begin changing ritualized practices, incorporating evidence-based practice, and improving nursing care.
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