Usutu virus - Potential risk of human disease in Europe

  • Vazquez A
  • Jimenez-Clavero M
  • Franco L
 et al. 
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Abstract

Usutu virus (USUV) is an African mosquito-borne flavivirus, member of the Japanese encephalitis antigenic group. This avian virus is transmitted by arthropod vectors (mainly mosquitoes of the Culex pipiens complex). It is well known that free-living birds, including migratory species, have the potential to disperse certain pathogenic microorganisms. Usutu virus has recently been introduced to Europe and is spreading through Austria, Hungary, Italy, Spain and Switzerland, causing disease in birds and humans. Like West Nile virus, USUV may become a resident pathogen in Europe and the consequences for public health should be considered. Many different biotic and abiotic factors affect the survival of the virus in a new environment and influence the efficiency of its geographical dispersal. In this article, we consider the possibility of including USUV infections among the vector-borne diseases to be monitored in Europe.

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Europe
  • *Flavivirus infection/di [Diagnosis]
  • *Flavivirus infection/ep [Epidemiology]
  • *Flavivirus infection/pc [Prevention]
  • *human
  • *risk
  • *usutu virus infection/di [Diagnosis]
  • *usutu virus infection/ep [Epidemiology]
  • *usutu virus infection/pc [Prevention]
  • *virus
  • Austria-Hungary
  • Culex pipiens
  • Europe
  • Flavivirus
  • Italy
  • Japanese encephalitis
  • Spain
  • Switzerland
  • West Nile flavivirus
  • article
  • bird
  • blood transfusion
  • clinical feature
  • diagnostic test
  • disease surveillance
  • environment
  • fowl
  • horse
  • human
  • immunocompromised patient
  • immunoglobulin G antibody/ec [Endogenous Compound]
  • immunoglobulin M antibody/ec [Endogenous Compound]
  • infection
  • infection control
  • infection risk
  • information dissemination
  • meningoencephalitis/di [Diagnosis]
  • microorganism
  • migrant bird
  • migratory species
  • mosquito
  • nonhuman
  • parasite vector
  • pathogenesis
  • public health
  • sentinel surveillance
  • serodiagnosis
  • survival
  • usutu flavivirus
  • virus carrier
  • virus transmission

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Authors

  • A Vazquez

  • Ma Jimenez-Clavero

  • L Franco

  • O Donoso-Mantke

  • V Sambri

  • M Niedrig

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