There have been many advances in microsurgery for voice professionals over the last three decades. Driven by a greater understanding of the anatomy and physiology of phonation, most of the advances provide greater surgical precision through improved exposure and more delicate instrumentation. Laryngologists who perform laryngoscopic surgery should be familiar with the current state-of-the-art and should use the latest techniques and technology for all voice patients and particularly for voice professionals. Video procedures for surgical management of voice disorders accompany this content online. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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